Honor Roll: Mandatory Influenza Vaccination Policies for Healthcare Personnel
There is consensus that all health care workers should receive the influenza . apply to a provincial law mandating influenza vaccination of health care workers. and safety of influenza vaccines, the rationale for vaccinating healthcare professionals, the effectiveness of voluntary and mandatory vaccina- tion schemes and. Mandating the vaccine is not supported by solid evidence, some experts say.
An essential part of this comprehensive strategy includes strict attention to important infection prevention practices such as hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette. Individuals exempted from annual vaccination due to medical contraindications must be educated on the importance of careful adherence to all of the non-vaccine related HICPAC prevention strategies, including hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
Further, they may be required to wear a surgical mask when contact with patients or susceptible employees is likely. Additionally, strong leadership commitment that takes into account and collaboratively addresses concerns by employees and the organizations representing them is essential to providing the necessary support and resources to implement such a comprehensive program.
Mandatory Immunization of Health Care Personnel Against Influenza and Other Infectious Diseases Because healthcare personnel HCP work in an environment where contact with patients or infective material from patients is routine, HCP are at risk for exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases and possible transmission to patients, their families, and other HCP.
Influenza Vaccination Information for Health Care Workers
Vaccination programs are therefore an essential component of infection prevention and control. Preventing health care-associated transmission of influenza and other infectious diseases can protect patients, HCP, and local communities. This mandate is necessary to achieve the Healthy People annual goal of 90 percent influenza vaccine coverage for healthcare personnel.
November ; Updated January Employees who invoke either of these exemptions should not engage in direct patient care if they have flu-like symptoms. When seemingly healthy, hospitals should either: Quadrivalent flu vaccines include: Different flu shots are approved for different age groups.
Influenza Vaccination Information for Health Care Workers | CDC
Some are approved for children as young as 6 months of age. Most flu shots are given in the arm muscle with a needle.How to EASILY Get Out of Mandatory Vaccines [Religious Exemption]
One quadrivalent flu shot Afluria Quadrivalent can be given either with a needle for people aged 5 years and older or with a jet injector for people aged 18 through 64 years only. How Do Flu Vaccines Work? The seasonal flu vaccine protects against the influenza viruses research indicates will be most common during the upcoming season.
Influenza Vaccination Honor Roll
Antibodies develop in the body about two weeks after vaccination. These antibodies provide protection against infection from flu viruses that are the same as or similar to those used to make the vaccine.
All influenza vaccines are made to protect against the following three viruses: Vaccines that give protection against three viruses are called trivalent vaccines. Vaccines that give protection against four viruses are called quadrivalent vaccines.
CDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine for everyone 6 months and older. When an arbitration board faced a union challenging mandatory influenza vaccination, this time in British Columbia, the arbitrator sided with the employer noting a requirement for general immunization in the union collective agreement.
In this case the employee had choices: The arbitrator ruled that the choices, which were not dealt with in the St. An important note in the decision summary was the rationale that preventing the spread of influenza to vulnerable populations is clear and was agreed upon by both the employer and the union, which allowed for a realignment of the policies stream with problems and politics streams. May saw the first wave of the H1N1 pandemic influenza strain.
By Julythe Public Health Agency of Canada reported it still did not have a plan in place to manage HCWs who refused the seasonal influenza vaccine [ 27 ]. The seasonal vaccine did not include protection from the novel H1N1 strain and thus, worldwide production of a vaccine was implemented.
Stories of production delays, low vaccine supplies, and rationing caused long lines at vaccination clinics and resulted in public anxiety [ 28 ]. Even after this pandemic experience, uptake of the vaccine by HCWs the following season remained low [ 23 ]. The H1N1 pandemic could have resulted in the opening of a new policy window, but with the relatively mild nature of the H1N1 strain, the mandatory vaccination issue did not gain adequate or sustained public attention politics streamclosing another window of opportunity.
Based on a measure of quality-adjusted life years, the study concluded that UIIP was cost-effective and might be considered for adoption in other provinces and countries with similar populations, health care models, and influenza rates.
In other jurisdictions, most notably the US, consideration of mandatory vaccination for HCWs was gaining momentum. A large US health care employer had published their successful program requiring influenza immunization for employment [ 14 ]. In Canada, the province of British Columbia initiated a task force in to investigate and recommend plans for mandatory immunization programs [ 29 ].
The task force visited nine US sites with programs in place before making recommendations in to the provincial government.
Pressure on the Ontario government to act intensified as both the evidence and prominent organizations supported mandatory HCW vaccination.
In Julythe British Columbia government announced a new policy that would require either influenza immunization or the wearing of a surgical mask for all HCWs during influenza season when in direct patient contact.